What is a Synthesis Essay?
A synthesis essay is an advanced type of writing. Such an essay takes a viewpoint that is unique about a given central idea, topic or theme. The writer chooses a topic and then asserts a claim, finds and combines sources and uses the information acquired.
The process of writing a synthesis essay has three components. They are:
- Synthesizing sources
- Composing a claim or thesis
- Formatting essay
Before reading about how to write a synthesis essay, check out our sample synthesis essay:
How to Write a Good Synthesis Essay?
Synthesis writing will require you to have the ability to digest some given information and then present it in an organized manner. When writing a synthesis essay the first thing to do is to understand the concept of the essay. The purpose of writing a synthesis essay is to make connections between different works or multiple works with the ultimate goal of eventually supporting a claim.
Before you begin writing you should take some time and collect all the sources that you need for that topic. Go through your sources and write a brief summary for each of them. Examine the evidence that other people have given to argue against the issue or to support the issue. After reflecting on your research you can formulate your thesis.
Use the thesis that you have formulated as your start point. Free write brainstorm and map out the ideas you have on the topic. Using this pre-writing material you are in a position to create a scratch outline. Creating a scratch outline is essential in synthesis writing. It enables you to clearly and logically organize the multiple sources that you have. From each of the sources, you should develop your own perspective, interpretations, and analysis. Find different ways that you can organize the information depending on how you wish to argue or what you find. It might be of help to you to create a number of outlines.
The synthesis has to be organized so that other people could evaluate your comprehension of the sources and the presentation of your data, examples and your supporting points. The sources should not just be summarized but the writers should make their own point and back it up with the sources.
Synthesis Essay Structure
Before you start writing, it is always a good idea to have the outline of the essay. The essay should have three parts:
The first sentence which is the introductory sentence should have a hook. This way your readers will be interested in reading. It should be engaging to the reader. You should then proceed to clarify the issue at hand. Finally, you can clearly present the thesis statement.
Each of the paragraphs in the body should start with a topic sentence that is a reason to support your thesis statement. The paragraphs should not be structured around the sources but around your paragraphs. Give your explanation and your opinion on the topic sentence. Use your sources to support your claim.
In the conclusion, you should state the importance of your topic from the evidence and reasons that you have discussed in the essay. It might be helpful to restate your thesis.
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Synthesis Writing Do’s and Don’ts
You should not summarize the sources, but rather analyze them. The paragraphs in the body should not be written around the sources, but rather around your argument.
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