How to Write an Analytical Essay

When writing an analytical essay, you need to break your topic into parts and provide evidence that supports your claim. This can either be from the book/film/poem or from your own research.

What Is an Analytical Essay?

An analytical essay is a type of essay that analyzes, examines, and interprets things such as an event, a book, poem, play or other work of art. Analytical essays concentrate on how a book or poem was written, for example, how certain themes present themselves in a story, or how the use of metaphor brings particular meaning to a poem.


When writing such an essay, you need to break your topic into parts and provide evidence that supports your claim. This can either be from the book/film/poem or from your own research. This type of essay writing has a more narrowed focus than a typical summary.

Analytical Essay Outline

There are several ways by which you can organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you decide to write your essay, the main components of your essay should be;

  • Introduction
  • Body
  • Conclusion


The introduction basically gives the background information on your topic of choice. It is used to tell the reader what text or texts you will be discussing in your essay. All literary works do raise at least one or more major issues. In your introduction, you are also required to define the idea or issue of the text which you will be analyzing in your essay. This is at times called a research question or a thesis. All in all, it is vital that you narrow the focus of your essay right from the word go.


Your essay body can have various paragraphs to outline the various components of your analysis. Each paragraph starts with a topic sentence outlining the component to be discussed. If it is the first paragraph, the topic sentence will be outlining the first component. If it is the second paragraph, the topic sentence will be outlining the second component, and so on and so on in the other paragraphs. Each paragraph should then have sentences giving explanations and providing evidence to support their topic sentence. The paragraphs should also have a concluding sentence, acting as a link to the next paragraph.


Your conclusion should summarize the main points of the body and give a restatement of the main point of view. It should also explain the relationship between your analyzed text and the presented argument.

How to Choose a Proper Analytical Essay Topic

The topic you choose to write on greatly determines the quality of your analytical essay. So, with there being so many areas that you can base your analytical essay on, how do you best determine a great topic?

1. Have knowledge on the subject of your topic

You are highly advised against choosing a topic from an area that you have little or no familiarity with. It results in difficulty during research and essay compilation. Choose the discipline you are studying or look for an area that you understand better.

2. Get a unique topic

Unless you have a unique angle and captivating perspective of a topic you want to write on, avoid a topic that is common. Choose words that present a fresh approach or a totally un-thought of an angle which has not been studied before. There are plenty of advancements in many fields of study which present more room for new ideas.

3. Be specific

Your topic should be as specific and narrow as possible. This provides you with room to analyze and expound on the concept, idea or process you choose with the depth it requires.

4. Consider availability of information

Always remember that when writing an essay, you need facts and materials for literature review to support your topic. So, choose a topic with credible information sources such as books, journals, and academic websites.


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